Abbreviations & Acronyms

There may be two or more unrelated meanings for same abbreviation. Therefore keep in mind that an abbreviation is only useful in a context appropriate to it.

# Edit

A Edit

AAT - alpha 1 - antitrypsin
AAV - adeno-associated virus
AD - activation domain

B Edit

BAC - bacterial artificial chromosome

C Edit

CaMV - cauliflower mosaic virus
CAP - catabolite activator protein
CBD - chitin binding domain
CDK - cyclin-dependent kinase
cDNA - complementary DNA
CFI - cleavage factor I
CFII - cleavage factor II
CHEF - contour-clamped homogeneous electric field
ChIP - chromatin immunoprecipitation
CMV - cytomegalovirus
CPSF - cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor
CStF - cleavage stimulation factor
CTD - carboxy-terminal repeat domain

D Edit

DBD - DNA binding domain
DEAE - diethylaminoethanol
DHFR - dihydrofolate reductase
DNA - deoxyribonucleic acid
DTT - dithiothreitol

E Edit

ER - Endoplasmic Reticulum
ECM - extra-cellular matrix
EMS - ethyl methane sulphonate
ER - endoplasmic reticulum
ES - embryonic stem
EST - expressed sequence tag

F Edit

FIGE - field inversion gel electrophoresis
FISH - fluorescent in situ hybridization
FRET - fluorescence resonance energy transfer

G Edit

GST - glutathione S-transferase

H Edit

HAC - human artificial chromosome
HAT - histone acetyltransferase
H-DAC - histone deacetylase
HSV - herpes simplex virus

I Edit

IMAC - immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography
IMPACT - intein mediated purification with an affinity chitin binding tag
ITR - inverted terminal repeat

J Edit

K Edit

L Edit

LTR - long terminal repeat

M Edit

MBP - maltose binding protein
mRNA - messenger RNA
MCS - multiple cloning site
MLP - major late promoter
MSV - maize streak virus

N Edit

NLS – nuclear localization signal

O Edit

OD - optical density
ORF - open reading frame

P Edit

PM - Plasma Membrane
PTS - Peroxisomal Targeting Signal
PABII - polyA binding protein II
PAC - P1 artificial chromosome
PAP - polyA polymerase
PCR - polymerase chain reaction
PFGE - pulsed-field gel electrophoresis

Q Edit

R Edit

RdRp - RNA-dependent RNA polymerase
RF - release factor replicative form
RFLP - restriction fragment length polymorphism
RIP - ribosome inactivating protein
RISC - RNA induced silencing complex
RNAi - RNA interference
rRNA - ribosomal RNA
RT - reverse transcription reverse transcriptase
RT-PCR - reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction
RER - Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

S Edit

SAM - S-adenosylmethionine
SDS - sodium dodecyl sulphate
SER - Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
siRNAs - small inhibiting RNAs
SNP - single-nucleotide polymorphism
snRNP - small nuclear ribonucleoprotein
SRB - suppressor of RNA polymerase B
STS - sequence tagged site
SV40 - simian virus 40

T Edit

TAF - TATA-box binding associated factor
TBP - TATA-box binding protein
TdT - terminal deoxynucleotidal transferase
TGMV - tomato golden mosaic virus
TK - thymidine kinase
tRNA - transfer RNA

U Edit

V Edit

VA RNAs - viral associated RNAs
VNTR - variable number tandem repeat

W Edit

X Edit

Y Edit

YAC - yeast artificial chromosome

Z Edit